Civil Liability for Oil Pollution Damage, 1992,
Adoption: 27 November 1992
Entry into force: 30 May 1996
Civil Liability Convention means the International Convention on Civil Liability for Oil Pollution Damage, 1992, concluded at London on November 27, 1992, Article V of which was amended by the Resolution adopted by the Legal Committee of the International Maritime Organization on October 18, 2000.
For ships carrying more than 2000 tons of oil as cargo in bulk, the shipowner is obliged to maintain insurance to cover his liability under the 1992 CLC, and claimants have a right of direct action against the insurer. Any claims for pollution damage under the 1992 CLC can be made only against the registered owner of the ship concerned. This does not, in principle, preclude victims from claiming compensation outside the Conventions from persons other than the shipowner.
Non-State Party Ships
Palau International Ship Registry can issue Civil Liability Convention Certificates for vessels registered with Non-State Members of the Convention to certify proof of liability insurance or other financial security is in force in accordance with the provisions of the Convention.